Artificial intelligence could help relieve the difficulties faced by man but intelligent machines cannot be human. Human intelligence is not a single skill but is quite a composition of abilities including learning, reasoning, and problem solving, comprehension, and understanding of language.
Since ancient times, people are thinking of designing machines that will replicate human intellect. The idea of thinking machines appears in Greek myths like the halos of Crete’. John McCarthy coined the expression,’artificial intelligence’ from 1956. He defines artificial intelligence because of the science and engineering of making intelligent machines. AI researchers hope to come up with intelligent machines, which could perceive, learn and reason like people. General intelligence is their long-term goal. By general intellect, they mean to integrate different elements such as social intelligence, judgment, common perception, robotics, and self-awareness into machines. Researchers fantasy of bringing to machines, factors like wisdom and the capacity to feel, which only humans have.
▸ With artificial intelligence, the possibilities of error are almost nil and greater precision and accuracy is attained.
Intelligent robots may be employed to explore space. They’re machines and thus have the ability to endure the hostile surroundings of this interplanetary space. They are sometimes made to adapt in such a way that planetary atmospheres do not affect their physical condition and functioning.
▸ Intelligent robots could be programmed to achieve the Earth’s nadirs. They can be utilized to dig fuels. They can be used for mining purposes. The intellect of machines can be harnessed for investigating the depths of oceans. These machines can be useful in overcoming the constraints that individuals have.
▸ Robots can perform certain laborious tasks. Painstaking activities, that have long been completed by humans could be taken over by the bots. Owing to the brains programmed inside them, the machines may shoulder higher responsibilities and can be programmed to manage themselves.
▸ Smartphones are an excellent example of this application of artificial intelligence. In utilities like predicting what an individual will form and adjusting human mistakes in spelling, machine intelligence will be at work. Applications like Siri that act as personal assistants, GPS, and Maps programs that give users the best or even the shortest paths to take as well as the traffic. Programs on phones or computers that call for user actions and make recommendations that match user decision are programs of AI. Thus we see that artificial intelligence has produced everyday life a ton simpler.
▸ Fraud detection in smart card-based methods is possible with the use of AI. It is also employed by financial institutions and banks to organize and handle records.
▸ Organizations use avatars that are digital assistants who interact with the consumers, thus saving the requirement for human resources. Lacking the psychological side, robots may think logically and take the appropriate decisions. Sentiments are correlated with moods that affect human efficiency. This isn’t true with machines with artificial intelligence.
▸ Artificial intelligence may be used in executing insistent and time-consuming jobs effectively.
▸ Intelligent machines can be utilized to perform certain dangerous tasks. They can adjust their parameters like their time and speed, and be forced to act fast, unaffected by factors that influence humans.
▸ If we play a computer game or run a computer-controlled bot, we are in fact interacting with artificial intelligence. In a match in which the computer functions as our opponent, it is with the help of AI the machine plans the game moves in response to ours. Thus, gambling is one of the most common examples of the benefits of artificial intelligence.
▸ Algorithms can help the doctors assess their health risks. It can help them understand the unwanted effects that different medications can consume. Surgery simulators work with system intelligence in training medical professionals. AI can be used to mimic brain functioning, and therefore prove useful at the identification and therapy of neurological problems. As in the event of any other discipline, insistent or time-consuming jobs can be managed via the use of artificial intelligence.
▸ Exotic pets will assist patients with depression and keep them more active.
▸ Chemical radiosurgery helps achieve precision in the radiation contributed to tumors, thereby reducing the damage to surrounding cells.
▸ The greatest benefit of artificial intelligence is that machines do not require breaks or sleep, and are able to operate without quitting. They can continuously perform the identical job without getting bored or tired. When employed to perform hazardous tasks, the threat to individual health and security is decreased.
▸ One of the main pitfalls of artificial intelligence is that the cost incurred in the repair and maintenance. Programs have to be upgraded to match the changing needs, and machinery needs to be made smarter. In the event of a breakdown, the expense of repair may be rather large. Approaches to restoring lost code or data could be time-consuming and pricey.
▸ An important concern regarding the use of artificial intelligence is all about integrity and ethical values. Can it be correct to create replicas of all human beings? Do our moral values permit us to recreate intellect? Intelligence is a gift of nature. It may not be appropriate to install it into a machine to make it work to our advantage.
▸ Machines may have the ability to save enormous amounts of information, but the storage, access, and retrieval is less powerful as in the case of the human brain. They may be able to carry out repetitive tasks for long, but they don’t get better with experience, such as individuals do. They’re unable to behave any different out of what they are programmed to do. Though this is mostly seen as a benefit, it might work another way, when a situation needs one to behave in the way different than a. Machines might not be as efficient as individuals in altering their answers depending on the changing scenarios. It appears to save us from all of the pain. But is it so exciting? Ideas like working wholeheartedly, with a sense of belonging, and also with dedication don’t have any presence in the world of artificial intelligence. Imagine robots working in hospitals. Do you picture them revealing the care and concern that humans would? As you think online assistants (avatars) can provide the type of service that a human being could? Concepts such as care, comprehension, and togetherness can’t be realized by machines, and that’s why, how much intelligent they become, they will always lack the human contact.
▸ Imagine intelligent machines employed in creative fields. Can you think robots may excel or even compete for the human mind in imaginative thinking or creativity? Thinking machines deficiency a mind. Human beings are psychological intellectuals. They think and feel. Their feelings guide their ideas. This really isn’t true with machines. The intuitive abilities that humans possess, how humans can judge based on past knowledge, the inherent skills that they have, cannot be reproduced by machines. Additionally, machines lack common sense.
▸ If robots start to replace people in every field, it will finally cause unemployment. So much spare time may lead to its harmful use. Believing machines will govern all the fields and populate the positions that people occupy, leaving tens of thousands of people jobless. With this much assistance from machines, even if humans do not need to use their thinking skills, these abilities will slowly diminish. With the heavy use of artificial intelligence, people may turn out to be overly determined by machines, shedding their mental abilities.
▸ If the management of machines belongs in the incorrect hands, it may cause destruction. Machines won’t think before acting. Therefore, they might be programmed to perform the wrong things, or for mass destruction.
▸ Aside from all of these cons of AI, there’s a fear of robots superseding people. Ideally, human beings should continue to be the pros of machines. However, if matters turn another way around, the world will turn into chaos. Intelligent machines may end up being smarter than us, they may enslave us and start ruling the entire world. Its advantages and risks should be carefully weighed prior to employing it for human advantage. Or, at the greed to play God, the man might destroy himself.